For Radio ads, VPAP only has spending data for 2020 forward

Pro-Northam or Anti-Gillespie Details

Ralph Northam
$400,971 View Group
Va Education Assn
$143,555 View Group
New Va Majority
$123,276 View Group
Everytown for Gun Safety
$85,867 View Group
Latino Victory Fund
$10,605 View Group
CASA in Action
$1,500 View Group

Pro-Gillespie or Anti-Northam Details

Ed Gillespie
$1,059,643 View Group
National Rifle Association
$49,930 View Group
National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB)
$18,485 View Group

SOURCE: Federal Communications Commission public disclosure files required for candidates and political groups that purchase airtime on broadcast TV, cable TV, and radio, compiled by Kantar Media. Broadcast TV includes the following media markets: Washington D.C., Hampton Roads, Richmond, Roanoke/Lynchburg, Charlottesville, and Harrisonburg. Social media data compiled by Kantar Media and VPAP from Facebook and Google public political ad archives and includes ads targeting audiences in Virginia and/or those ads paid for by the campaigns of Virginia candidates.