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Firearm transfers; criminal history record information check, penalty.

In House

Latest Action: Feb. 25, 2020
House: Read second time

Chief Patron:
Louise Lucas (D)

2020 Regular Session


As introduced. Firearm transfers; criminal history record information checks; penalty.

Requires a background check for any firearm transfer and directs the Department of State Police (the Department) to establish a process for transferors to obtain such a check from licensed firearms dealers. A transferor who sells a firearm to another person without obtaining the required background check is guilty of a Class 6 felony. The bill also provides that a transferee who receives a firearm from another person without obtaining the required background check is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. The bill exempts transfers (i) between immediate family members; (ii) that occur by operation of law; (iii) by the executor or administrator of an estate or by the trustee of a testamentary trust; (iv) at firearms shows in accordance with law; (v) that are part of a buy-back or give-back program; (vi) of antique firearms; (vii) that occur at a shooting range, shooting gallery, or any other area designed for the purpose of target shooting or for use during target practice, a firearms safety or training course or class, a shooting competition, or any similar lawful activity; or (viii) that are temporary transfers that (a) occur within the continuous presence of the owner of the firearm or (b) are necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm. The bill removes the provision that makes background checks of prospective purchasers or transferees at firearms shows voluntary. The bill also provides that the Department shall have three business days to complete a criminal history record information check before a firearm may be transferred. (Less)
  • Bill History

  • 11/22/2019 - Senate: Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20101549D
  • 11/22/2019 - Senate: Referred to Committee on the Judiciary
  • 11/27/2019 - Senate: Impact statement from VCSC (SB70)
  • 01/08/2020 - Senate: Moved from Courts of Justice to Judiciary due to a change of the committee name
  • 01/13/2020 - Senate: Reported from Judiciary with substitute (9-Y 5-N)
  • 01/13/2020 - Senate: Incorporates SB12 (Saslaw)
  • 01/13/2020 - Senate: Committee substitute printed 20105589D-S1
  • 01/14/2020 - Senate: Impact statement from VCSC (SB70S1)
  • 01/14/2020 - Senate: Constitutional readings dispensed (39-Y 0-N)
  • 01/15/2020 - Senate: Read second time
  • 01/15/2020 - Senate: Reading of substitute waived
  • 01/15/2020 - Senate: Committee substitute agreed to (36-Y 4-N)
  • 01/15/2020 - Senate: Title replaced 20105589D-S1
  • 01/15/2020 - Senate: Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute SB70S1
  • 01/16/2020 - Senate: Impact statement from DPB (SB70S1)
  • 01/16/2020 - Senate: Read third time and passed Senate (24-Y 16-N)   Close Floor Vote
  • 01/16/2020 - Senate: Reconsideration of passage agreed to by Senate (40-Y 0-N)
  • 01/16/2020 - Senate: Passed Senate (23-Y 17-N)   Close Floor Vote
  • 02/13/2020 - House: Placed on Calendar
  • 02/13/2020 - House: Read first time
  • 02/13/2020 - House: Referred to Committee on Public Safety
  • 02/21/2020 - House: Reported from Public Safety with substitute (13-Y 9-N)
  • 02/21/2020 - House: Committee substitute printed 20108843D-H1
  • 02/21/2020 - Senate: Impact statement from VCSC (SB70H1)
  • 02/25/2020 - House: Read second time